Sunday, 26 October 2014

autisme

Arief(adik yang last) adalah seorang autisme.Dia sekolah darjah satu tapi suka berkawan dengan budak berumur lima atau enam tahun.Budak-budak lain boleh kesan yang adik aku lain.Kalau aku ambik dia kat sekolah aku tanya budak-budak.kenal arief tak? dorang jawab Arief pelik tu ke?(kemungkinan untuk dibuli adalah tinggi sebab dia jenis tak pandai cakap tidak,dan tak boleh nak bezakan mana betul dengan salah,kalau aku tanya betul tak?dia akan geleng dengan angguk pada waktu yang sama.



Autisme merupakan perkataan yang berasal daripada bahasa Yunani (Greek) iaitu "autos" yang bermaksud sendiri. Justeru itu, kanak-kanak autisme akan menunjukkan gejala "hidup dalam dunianya sendiri".
Kanak-kanak autisme akan mengalami ketidakupayaan dalam perkembangan mental sepanjang hidupnya yang disebabkan oleh otak yang kurang berfungsi. autisme boleh berlaku serentak dengan kecacatan yang lain termasuk kecacatan mental.
autisme bukan sejenis penyakit yang berjangkit dan meliputi semua jenis kaum, bangsa dan etnik, tidak kira taraf dan status. Kebarangkalian bagi kanak-kanak lelaki dalam menghadapi autisme adalah empat kali lebih banyak daripada kanak-kanak perempuan.

autisme dapat dikesan pada peringkat awal ketika waktu perkembangan kanak-kanak. Kanak-kanak autisme akan memencilkan diri dan mempunyai masalah pembinaan hubungan social dan emosi dengan orang lain. Mereka tidak dapat memahami apa yang berlaku dalam kehidupan mereka dan apa yang mereka lihat.
Kanak-kanak autisme sering memaparkan ciri-ciri yang berikut:
  • kurang atau tiada kontak mata
  • kurang ekspresi muka
  • tidak berkongsi kegembiraan atau minat dengan orang lain
  • lambat atau tidak ada perkembangan bahasa sejak lahir
  • mengulang kata-katanya secara berulang kali
  • kurang bermain permainan yang melibatkan variasi, bermain berpura-pura (seperti bermasak-masak) atau permainan meniru gejala berbanding kanak-kanak yang sebaya dengannya
  • mempunyai keasyikan yang teramat terhadap minatnya sehingga menjadi stereotaip dan terhad
  • tidak suka perubahan terhadap kegiatan rutin 
  • melakukan perbuatan atau gerakan yang sama secara berulang kali seperti bergoyang-goyang, mengepak tangan dan berputar-putar
  • mempunyai keasyikan terhadap bahagian objek yang tertentu
sumber: http://www.reachsegamat.com

25 september adalah hari autisme sedunia.Kanak-kanak autisme tak boleh dimarahi tapi boleh ditegur, kalau tak akan bertindak untuk pukul diri sendiri.(samada tumbuk muka sendiri atau hantukkan kepala dekat objek keras).Mereka sangat suka buat kerja berulang kali.Arief boleh susun blok dengan domino dari pagi sampai petang .

Apa yang aku nak cakap sebenarnya,masyarakat tak boleh ambil remeh  .Cikgu kena tahu,kawan-kawan kena faham,family kena selalu bimbing.Sebab kanak-kanak autisme memang nampak normal dari segi fizikal,tapi bila dah perhati mereka ada personaliti yang berbeza.Autisme boleh jadi hyperactive atau pasive. 

Kanak-kanak autisme adalah istimewa sebab mempunyai tahap fokus yang tinggi pada satu benda yang dia minat.Jadi,tak mustahil dorang boleh berjaya sebab IQ diaorang masih normal.

Jadi,kalau anda ada adik,kawan atau sedara yang mempunyai ciri-ciri ni.Fahamilah dia.Aku akhiri post kali ni dengan  pesakit autisme yang telah berjaya dan dikenali dunia.



Albert Einstein
Einstein had difficulty with social interactions, had tactile sensitivity, was very intelligent yet found his language difficult at times, and had difficulty learning in school.   It may have been that Einstein had such a hard time with learning in school because he did not have the accommodations and different teaching styles that many autistic children need.  Because of this, it makes perfect sense that someone so intelligent and full of ideas about the world could fall behind in school.  It also makes sense that, because of his social interactions with others, he found it difficult to get a job despite his intelligence.  Many of the individuals also  have a lack of desire for food and the same disregard for timeliness of meals as Einstein.  However, Einstein did not care what he ate and completed his meals with no complaints.  Many other autistics were very specific about the kinds, colors, textures, and smells of foods if they had any aversion to food at all.  His carelessness for the time or necessity of food rather than persistence on what the food he ate is slightly different than most autistics.  However, all autistics are different, and therefore it is indeterminant whether this should be classified as an autistic trait or not.  Einstein had a relationship with a woman whom he eventually married and had three children with.  The marriage seemed to have quite a bit of difficulty, but  the woman gave birth to three children with him.  However, although Einstein showed love and concern for his children, the  he could not stand for the children to touch him.  This, sounds very characteristic of an autistic.  It is important to realize that Einstein was very different and it was his difference that made him develop ideas that made him famous.  Therefore, his differences made him the celebrated individual he is today.  This should give us a second look at those who we consider different, and make us realize that being different is not a bad thing.  It is instead, something to be celebrated and accepted.

Amadeus Mozart
Mozart  reportedly had repeated facial expressions and unintentional constant motion of his hands and feet  It was also believed that Mozart’s hearing was very sensitive and intense and loud sounds made him feel physically sick.  Other reports indicate that he was excessively active.  Mozart was unable to carry on an intellectual conversation and existed in a careless and reckless way with impolite and frequent mood changes. It is reported that one day, Mozart was particularly bored and jumped up and hurdled over tables and chairs, meowed like a cat and did somersaults.  Mozart’s letters indicated a presence of echolalia which may be a way of communicating for autistics.  These characteristics indicate that Mozart could have been on the autistic spectrum.

Sir Isaac Newton
Newton was very quiet and not very good at ‘small talk’, or typical day to day conversations.  He was extraordinarily focused on his work and had a hard time breaking away.  He was often so focused that he forgot to eat during these times of intense focus.  This is a trait very commonly found in autistics and this extreme focus often blocks out other things that would likely capture an individuals attention.  Newton was not good at keeping or making friends as he did not appear  friendly, nor did he know how to talk with individuals he did consider to be friends.  Newton also relied strongly upon routines.  For example,  if he had been scheduled to give a lecture, that lecture was going to happen whether there was an audience or not.

Tuesday, 21 October 2014

Budget trip:Malacca

 Here the story of me and my cousin's trip to Malacca.I called it budget trip since we were unemployed.

I start my journey from ktm shah alam to seremban..Atul and Ikah pick me up and we off to Malacca.Malacca's road was small and busy.It might be hard for a first timer to drive there.Especially if you're using waze or google maps,but you'll get better if you get lost during the first day (like me,cause you'll memorize the road the next day)

We arrived at 2pm and had our lunch of the most popular asam pedas ikan pari.Then,we rode Menara Taming Sari,walked along the Malacca River,Stadthuys, and A famosa.The first day was loads with photography and visiting historical sites. Atul brought her camera stand and we were good with taking pictures without the need of help from others.selfie is too mainstream. kuddos!


We stayed at a guest house which cost 60 ringgit per night.We would like to eat at umbai to get a taste of the real ikan bakar.Atul said that Restoran Parameswara offered the best dish for ikan bakar.But,a sight of long queues make us think twice and we went to the nearby stalls instead.It was a bit pricey but worth every penny.The juiciness of fresh ikan bakar was delightful.

At night,we walked around Malacca town,rode Ferris wheel ,sightseeing at uptown and back to our guest house (Ikah's boyfriend calls every 5 minutes just to make sure she is safe,=.=' the power of love).It's been five years since we had our bedtime stories and we fall asleep in the middle of talking.


The next day,we went for cruise riding  and  entered Istana Kesultanan Melayu .Last but not least,we went to pantai Tanjung Keling to enjoy the hot sea breeze.The trip was splendid as I never had the chance to visit all the historical site at Malacca.Atul was such a good planner and there were no time wasted .It was a great moments to catch up with these girls.



Entrance cost for ride and museum is between 5-10 ringgit per person with mykad.Bye ~